When is Mexican Independence Day?
Mexican Independence Day, which is also referred to in Mexico by the date of the event el Dieciseis de Septiembre (the 16th of September), is one of Las Fiestas Patrias (the patriotic festivals), and is celebrated on the night of September 15 and all day on September 16. This is one of the most important fiestas of the year in Mexico, and the whole month of September is referred to as el mes de la patria (month of the homeland). Some people outside of Mexico confuse Mexican Independence Day with Cinco de Mayo, but that is a different celebration.
Read also: Festivals and Events in Mexico in September
El Grito de Dolores
Mexico's War of Independence officially began on September 15, 1810, when the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rang a bell and cried out to the townspeople to take up arms and rise up against the Spanish Crown, an event which is known as el grito de Dolores (the cry of Dolores), named after the town in Guanajuato where it took place.
The Mexican War of Independence
The Mexican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and Spanish colonial authorities. The movement was initiated by criollos (Mexican-born people of Spanish descent), with mestizos and native people joining in the struggle, though each of these groups had different motives and goals. The war lasted over a decade, and ended when Mexico achieved independence from Spain with the signing of the Treaty of Córdoba on August 24, 1821, ending three centuries of Spanish rule.
Read more about the Mexican War of Independence.
Mexico's National Symbols
Celebrating Mexican Independence
Mexican Independence Day is celebrated with fireworks, flags, food, and parades. On the night of September 15th the cry of Dolores is re-enacted by local politicians in the public squares of most cities and towns throughout the country. On September 16 there are parades and civic ceremonies commemorating Mexico's independence. September 16 is a national holiday in Mexico: all schools, banks, and government offices are closed.
Read more about Mexican Independence Day Festivities.
Foods for Mexican Independence Day
For some fun ideas for celebrating check out Ten Ways to Celebrate Mexican Independence Day.