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Mexican Indigenous Languages

Languages Spoken in Mexico

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Although Spanish is Mexico's official language, there are many indigenous languages spoken in Mexico. The Mexican government recognizes 62 indigenous languages that are still spoken today, though many linguists assert that there are in fact over 100 - the discrepancy is due to the fact that many of these languages have several variants which may be considered distinct languages. The following table shows the different languages spoken in Mexico with the name of the language as it is called by speakers of that language appearing in parenthesis, and the number of speakers.

Data from CDI, Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas

Languages and Number of Speakers

Mexican Indigenous Languages
Náhuatl 2,563,000
Maya 1,490,000
Zapoteco (Diidzaj) 785,000
Mixteco (ñuu savi) 764,000
Otomí (ñahñu) 566,000
Tzeltal (k'op) 547,000
Tzotzil or (batzil k'op) 514,000
Totonaca (tachihuiin) 410,000
Mazateco (ha shuta enima) 339,000
Chol 274,000
Mazahua (jñatio) 254,000
Huasteco (tének) 247,000
Chinanteco (tsa jujmi) 224,000
Purépecha (tarasco) 204,000
Mixe (ayook) 188,000
Tlapaneco (mepha) 146,000
Tarahumara (rarámuri) 122,000
Zoque (o'de püt) 88,000
Mayo (yoreme) 78,000
Tojolabal (tojolwinik otik) 74,000
Chontal de Tabasco (yokot'an) 72,000
Popoluca 69,000
Chatino (cha'cña) 66,000
Amuzgo (tzañcue) 63,000
Huichol (wirrárica) 55,000
Tepehuán (o'dam) 44,000
Triqui (driki) 36,000
Popoloca 28,000
Cora (naayeri) 27,000
Kanjobal (27,000)
Yaqui (yoreme) 25,000
Cuicateco (nduudu yu) 24,000
Mame (qyool) 24,000
Huave (mero ikooc) 23,000
Tepehua (hamasipini) 17,000
Pame (xigüe) 14,000
Chontal de Oaxaca (slijuala xanuk) 13,000
Chuj 3,900
Chichimeca jonaz (uza) 3,100
Guarijío (varojío) 3,000
Matlatzinca (botuná) 1,800
Kekchí 1,700
Chocholteca (chocho) 1,600
Pima (otam) 1,600
Jacalteco (abxubal) 1,300
Ocuilteco (tlahuica) 1,100
Seri (konkaak) 910
Quiché 640
Ixcateco 620
Cakchiquel 610
Kikapú (kikapoa) 580
Motozintleco (mochó) 500
Paipai (akwa'ala) 410
Kumiai (kamia) 360
Ixil 310
Pápago (tono ooh'tam) 270
Cucapá 260
Cochimí 240
Lacandón (hach t'an) 130
Kiliwa (k'olew) 80
Aguacateco 60
Teco 50
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