Plaza de la Liberacion
Behind the Cathedral lies the spacious Plaza de la Liberacion (Liberation Square), nicknamed La Plaza de Dos Copas (Two Cups Plaza) for its two fountains. Here you can admire a statue of Miguel Hidalgo breaking the chains of slavery, commemorating his decree of 1810 abolishing slavery in Mexico.
The Degollado theater is located at the far east end of the plaza. Construction began on this theater in 1856. Designed by architect Jacobo Galvez, this is a fine example of Neoclassical architecture. The portico has 16 Corinthian columns supporting the portico with a marble tympanum depicting Apollo and the nine muses, sculpted by Benito Castañeda. Inside, the vaulted ceiling contains a fresco depicting a scene from Dante's Divine Comedy painted by Jacobo Gálvez and Gerardo Suárez.
Originally called the Teatro Alarcon after the Mexican playwright Juan de Alarcon, upon the death of General Santos Degollado, governor of Jalisco, the theater's name was changed to honor him. The theater opened in 1866 with a performance of the opera Lucia di Lammermoor starring Angela Peralta. In 1966, in celebration of the theater's centenary, famed tenor Placido Domingo performed the same opera here.
The Degollado Theater is home to the Jalisco Philharmonic Orchestra and the University of Guadalajara's Folkloric Ballet and has seating space for 1015. The theater is open to the public Tuesday to Saturday from 12 to 2 pm, or you may purchase tickets to attend an event here (Ticketmaster Mexico).
The next stop on our walking tour of Guadalajara: Tapatia Plaza