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Cinco de Mayo in Mexico

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Cinco de Mayo

Celebrating Mexican Culture

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Celebrate Mexican Culture:

Cinco de Mayo is a perfect time to celebrate Mexican culture and history! A common misconception is that this is Mexican Independence Day. The holiday in fact commemorates a battle between Mexican and French forces that took place in Puebla in 1862. The Mexicans triumphed over the much larger and better trained French army. This unlikely victory is a source of pride for Mexicans and is remembered every year on May 5th.

Origins and History of Cinco de Mayo:

In 1861 Mexico was facing a severe economic crisis and President Benito Juarez decided to temporarily stop payment on external debt in order to deal with the internal financial situation. The countries Mexico was in debt to, Spain, England and France, were concerned about their payments and sent a delegation to Mexico to assess the situation. Juarez was able to resolve the issue with Spain and Britain diplomatically, and they withdrew. The French, however, had other plans.

Napoleon III, realizing the strategic importance of Mexico, as a neighbor to the growing power of the United States, decided it would be useful to make Mexico into an empire that he could control. He decided to send his distant cousin, Maximilian of Hapsburg, to become emperor and rule Mexico backed up by the French army.

The French military were confident they would be able to overcome the Mexicans without undue difficulty, but were surprised in Puebla, when a much smaller batallion of Mexican soldiers, led by General Ignacio Zaragoza were able to defeat them on May 5th, 1862. The war was far from over, however. More troops of French military arrived and eventually took over Mexico City, sending Benito Juarez' government into exile. Maximilian was crowned emperor of Mexico in 1864. Maximilian's government held until Napoleon III withdrew French troops from Mexico in 1866.

Cinco de Mayo became a source of inspiration for Mexicans during the French occupation. As a moment in which Mexicans had shown courage and determination in the face of a major colonial European power, it came to be a symbol of Mexican pride, unity and patriotism and is remembered every year.

Cinco de Mayo Celebrations in Mexico:

Cinco de Mayo is an optional national holiday in Mexico: students have the day off from school, but whether banks and government offices close will vary from state to state. Celebrations in Puebla, where the legendary battle took place, outshine those held elsewhere in Mexico. In Puebla the event is commemorated with parades and a mock-battle. Learn more about Cinco de Mayo in Puebla.

Cinco de Mayo in the U.S.:

Cinco de Mayo has become a day for celebrating Mexican culture in the United States, particularly in communities with a large Hispanic population. Find out why Cinco de Mayo is celebrated more in the U.S. than it is in Mexico.

Here are some resources for celebrating Cinco de Mayo in the US:

Throw a Cinco de Mayo Party:

Sometimes the best way to celebrate is by having your own party. A Mexican-themed fiesta is fun for people of all ages. Whether you're planning a small get-together or a major party, there are resources across the About.com network to help you get your party planning right. From invitations to food, music and decorations, here is everything you need to throw a Cinco de Mayo party.

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