Day of the Dead
(Dia de los Muertos
) is a time when people remember and honor their deceased loved ones, with the idea that the spirits return on this one day of the year to be together with their families. Festivities take place in cities and villages throughout Mexico, though each location may have different customs and ways of honoring their dead. You can witness Day of the Dead celebrations anywhere in Mexico, but here are a few of the places where festivities are particularly colorful.
1. Janitzio and Patzcuaro, Michoacan
Photo by Guillermo Aldana, courtesy of the Mexican Tourism Board
Janitzio is a small island in Patzcuaro Lake and is easily reached by boat from Patzcuaro. The island is home to the Purepecha indigenous group (sometimes called Tarascans) who have elaborate Day of the Dead rituals. There are processions and music, folk dances are performed and families gather in the cemetery to spend the night chanting and singing. Perhaps the most impressive sight is the fishermen in their rowboats with torches lighting up the lake.
© Suzanne Barbezat
Visitors to Oaxaca
during Day of the Dead can visit colorful marketplaces in nearby villages (the Friday market in Ocotlan is outstanding), witness vigils in a variety of cemeteries and take part in night-time carnival-like processions called comparsas
. There are also sand tapestry
competitions and Day of the Dead altars set up throughout town.
More information: Day of the Dead in Oaxaca
3. Mixquic, Mexico
© Federico Mena-Quintero
Mixquic, located in the Tlahuac Delegation of Mexico City (southwest of the Mexico City center) has been swallowed up by Mexico City's urban sprawl, but retains the ambiance of a rural village with strong indigenous roots. Street stalls are set up in the days before the celebrations. A procession through town with a cardboard coffin leads the way to the cemetery where a candle-light vigil will take place.
Read about Day of the Dead in Mixquic from the blog Mexican at Heart.
In the Maya language Day of the Dead celebrations are referred to as Hanal Pixan
, which means "feast for the souls." Families gather to prepare a special seasoned chicken tamale wrapped in banana leaves (called pibipollo
), which is cooked underground in a pit. The dish is enjoyed by both the spirits, who are believed to consume its essence, and the living, who enjoy the real thing! There are also festivities in the streets and cemeteries.
Courtesy Festival de las Calaveras
The birthplace of engraver Jose Guadalupe Posada celebrates Day of the Dead every year with the Festival de las Calaveras (Festival of Skulls) from October 28 to November 2. The festival takes place on the city fairgrounds with exhibitions of handicrafts, stands with traditional food and seasonal fruit, and varied theater productions, and concerts. The grand parade of calaveras along Aguascalientes' Avenida Madero is a highlight of the festival.
Photo courtesy Xcaret
Xcaret theme park
in the Riviera Maya hosts an annual Festival de la Vida y la Muerte
, "Festival of Life and Death," in honor of the Day of the Dead. The festival runs from October 30th to November 2nd, and includes theater and dance performances, concerts, conferences, parades and special tours, as well as special Day of the Dead rituals.
7. Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas
This pleasant colonial town on the Rio Grijalva is 7 miles (12 km) from Tuxtla de Gutierrez, capital of the Mexican state of Chiapas
. For Day of the Dead the cemetery is decorated in a lively manner with colorful ribbons, flowers and candles. There is live music in the cemetery as families serenade the deceased on their short-lived return.