Palenque archaeological site is among the most important and impressive ancient Mayan sites. Located in the lush green jungle of Chiapas, this site is characterized by its elegant and well-crafted architecture and beautiful sculptural art. When it was at its peak during the late classic period (roughly 600 to 900 A.D.), its influence extended over a large part of the Maya area, what is today the states of Chiapas and Tabasco.
Palenque is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- The Palace: a complex of interconnected buildings and courtyards housing sculptures and bas-relief carvings as well as the site's distinctive four-story tower.
- Temple of the Inscriptions: so named for the stucco panels with engravings in Maya script recounting the site's dynastic history. In 1948 a hidden passage in the temple's floor was found which leads down to a burial chamber of one of Palenque's most important rulers, Hanab Pakal.
Palenque is a large site and you can easily spend a day visiting it. I recommend spending at least one night in Palenque town so that you can appreciate the site fully.
The weather tends to be hot and humid year-round in Palenque, so it's advisable to wear light clothing made of natural fibers, and take water and a hat. From June through September it rains frequently so it is a good idea to come equipped with a raincoat.